خانه / Genre: Waste Management

Genre: Waste Management

جمع آوری و مدیریت مواد زائد جامد: پاتوژن و بیماری های

جمع آوری و مدیریت مواد زائد جامد: پاتوژن و بیماری های

Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and Diseases takes a closer look at pathogens that are found in solid wastes and the diseases that they produce. While comparing the differences between developed and developing countries, this book provides an understanding of the risks and exposure of pathogens in solid wastes, addresses pathogens in soil and plants, and bioaerosols, and helps readers determine how pathogens can be directly or indirectly detrimental to human health. The text places special emphasis on developing countries where environmentally safe systems are relatively rare, and provides extensive details on potential sources of infection and disease. The author discusses the transmission routes of diseases and pathogens from various solid wastes, and presents the proper disposal options and the management of solid waste. This book covers: Global aspects of pathogens and diseases from solid waste Pathogens and diseases in various solid wastes other than hospital wastes Disposal and management of solid wastes in relation to diseases Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and Diseases describes the various pathogens and diseases that can be found in solid waste, and utilizes recent available data to offer insight and suggestions on the management and disposal of solid waste to reduce infection and disease. More info →
تثبیت پیشرفت مواد زائد جامد شهری در لندفیل‌های زیستی

تثبیت پیشرفت مواد زائد جامد شهری در لندفیل‌های زیستی

Municipal solid waste entombed in landfills will produce pollution in the form of landfill gas and leachate when the barriers fail in the long term. Bioreactor landfills are an alternative solution to avoid such negative impacts and to achieve a more stable residue, the so-called Final Storage Quality (FSQ) of residues. However, until now the main technical problem faced by landfill operators in bioreactor landfill operation is homogenous liquid distribution within the waste mass. The main objective of this thesis was to achieve a FSQ status of waste, through laboratory and pilot-scale experiments, that complies with the Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) of the European Landfill Directive for inert waste. This thesis focused on the interaction and modification of the factors controlling the waste stabilisation process in a bioreactor landfill. The results revealed that within a year of operation biological stabilisation can be achieved, but not FSQ status. However, residues were close to comply with such stringent criteria. Buffer and septage addition had a positive effect on the waste stabilisation process by reducing biogas production lag-phase and risks associated with pathogen contamination. Also the use of coarse materials had a positive impact on the waste stabilisation process, especially as homogenous mixtures. The presence of Anammox bacteria - shown for the first time to be active in a bioreactor landfill - suggested that it could have contributed substantially to the removal of nitrogen, which has been identified as the main parameter to jeopardise the achievement of FSQ status. In conclusion, this research reduced our current gaps-in-knowledge and offered feasible technical alternatives to control and steer the processes occurring in a bioreactor landfill aiming to achieve FSQ status of residues. More info →
اثرات مدیریت مواد زائد جامد بر محیط زیست و سلامتی

اثرات مدیریت مواد زائد جامد بر محیط زیست و سلامتی

Solid waste management issues are a highly emotive topic. Disposal costs need to be balanced against environmental impact, which often results in heated public debate. Disposal options such as incineration and landfill, whilst unpopular with both the public and environmental pressure groups, do not pose the same environmental and health risks as, for example, recycling plants. This book, written by international experts, discusses the various waste disposal options that are available (landfill, incineration, composting, recycling) and then reviews their impact on the environment, and particularly on human health. Comprehensive and highly topical, Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Waste Management Activities will make a strong contribution to scientific knowledge in the area, and will be of value to scientists and policy-makers in particular. More info →
Environmental Education and Solid Waste Management

Environmental Education and Solid Waste Management

The globe we live in have two types of environments, one is natural environment of air, soil, water, hills, trees (abiotic), etc., and the other one is plant, animals (biotic), etc., which is to called social environment. Man has managed to create comfortable habitat, using science and technology, religion and politics. In fact both the environments are lively and lovely. But with comfort comes propagation, the biological growth qualitative and quantitative, resulting in unhealthy by-products, which are in the form of solid, liquid and gaseous. Soon we find our paradise is transformed into inferno by our own activities. This text is the story of such human behaviour, its enormity, and a modest gesture to think how to avoid catastrophe. It is the awareness of the undesirable changes occurring around us that has led to the study of pollution of different kinds. Abiotic industrial residues on the other hand may not be of immediate hazard to animal life but pose eco incompatibility in the time scale. The legislation is there and is desirable to limit the proliferation of solid waste out of bounds. But no amount of legislation is enough until the public awareness and feeling for fellowmen are not there to improve the quality of life. Though management is the final aim of this story, in the first chapter we will try to identify different aspects of environment where we live. The next three chapters are based on different environmental resources of the solid wastes, their nature and classification, their common ways of treatment. Possibilities of reuse, recovery and recycling in some cases will also be discussed. The financial and economic aspect of the same is presented in chapter five. In the sixth chapter, we will look forward to public awareness and participation in the abatement and management aspect of the solid waste problems. More info →
Environmental Management of Solid Waste: Dredged Material and Mine Tailings

Environmental Management of Solid Waste: Dredged Material and Mine Tailings

Dredged Material and Mine Tailings are two of the same thing once they are deposited on land: they must be safe-guarded, wash-out must be prevented, and they must be protected by a plantcover. This comprehensive two-volume treatise covers both important aspects of their management: Environmental Management of Solid Waste turns to the practical applications, such as prediction, restoration and management, while in Chemistry and Biology of Solid Waste the principles and assessment are scientifically studied and discussed. Previously, dredged material was a commodity, it could be sold as soil, e. g. to gardeners. In the meantime, dredged material from the North Sea (e.g. the Rotterdam or Amsterdam harbor) must be treated as hazardous waste. Many environmentalists, managers and companies do not know how to solve the inherent problems. This new work deals with the chemical, physical and biological principles; the biological and geochemical assessment; the prediction of effects and treatment; and finally, with restoration and revegetation. It is written by many leading scientists in the various fields, and will prove invaluable for managers and politicians who are concerned with the present environmental situation. More info →
Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment

Most industrial and hazardous waste management resources cover the major industries and provide conventional in-plant pollution control strategies. Until now however, no book or series of books has provided coverage that includes the latest developments in innovative and alternative environmental technology, design criteria, managerial decision methodologies, and regional and global environmental conservation. The new Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment―together with its predecessor, the Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment―forms a complete and up-to-date resource that contains all the necessary technical information on hazardous industrial waste treatment. Providing in-depth coverage of treatment and management technologies in wide-ranging industries that readers simply won’t find anywhere else, this cutting-edge text addresses wastes in areas including metal finishing, food processing, milk production, foundries, and chemical manufacturing. It covers basic and advanced principles and applications in contemporary hazardous and industrial waste treatment and explores new methods of clean production, waste minimization, and the treatment of landfills and underground storage tanks. Coverage includes the latest developments in legislation, regulations, soil remediation, brownfield site restoration, bioremediation, enzymatic processes, and much more. Complete with numerous figures, tables, examples, and case histories, this book provides technical and economical information on how to develop a total environmental control program that can benefit both industry and local municipalities. This book combined with the Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment forms a resource that is comprehensive in scope and directly applicable to waste management problems in a broad range of industries. More info →
Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment

Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment

Presenting effective, practicable strategies modeled from ultramodern technologies and framed by the critical insights of 78 field experts, this vastly expanded Second Edition offers 32 chapters of industry- and waste-specific analyses and treatment methods for industrial and hazardous waste materials-from explosive wastes to landfill leachate to wastes produced by the pharmaceutical and food industries. Key additional chapters cover means of monitoring waste on site, pollution prevention, and site remediation. Including a timely evaluation of the role of biotechnology in contemporary industrial waste management, the Handbook reveals sound approaches and sophisticated technologies for treating textile, rubber, and timber wastes dairy, meat, and seafood industry wastes bakery and soft drink wastes palm and olive oil wastes pesticide and livestock wastes pulp and paper wastes phosphate wastes detergent wastes photographic wastes refinery and metal plating wastes power industry wastes This state-of-the-art Second Edition is required reading for pollution control, environmental, chemical, civil, sanitary, and industrial engineers; environmental scientists; regulatory health officials; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines. More info →
Handbook of Solid Waste Management and Waste Minimization Technologies

Handbook of Solid Waste Management and Waste Minimization Technologies

Handbook of Solid Waste Management and Waste Minimization Technologies is an essential tool for plant managers, process engineers, environmental consultants, and site remediation specialists that focuses on practices for handling a broad range of industrial solid waste problems. In addition to equipment and process options, the author presents information on waste minimization practices that can be used in conjunction with or can provide alternatives to equipment and process investments. Environmental cost accounting measures and energy-efficient technologies are provided. Valuable information for those concerned with meeting government regulations and with the economic considerations (such as fines for violations and cost-effective methods) is presented in a practical manner. Included in the text are sidebar discussions, questions for thinking and discussion, recommended resources for the reader (including Web sites), and a comprehensive glossary. Two companion books by Cheremisnoff are available: Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies, and Handbook of Air Pollution Control Technologies. Covers leading edge technology and standard equipment for managing industrial solid waste problems Valuable in meeting government regulations Presents in-depth analysis of the financial impact of alternative technologies available More info →
Handbook of Solid Waste Management

Handbook of Solid Waste Management

In a world where waste incinerators are not an option and landfills are at over capacity, cities are hard pressed to find a solution to the problem of what to do with their solid waste. Handbook of Solid Waste Management, 2/e offers a solution. This handbook offers an integrated approach to the planning, design, and management of economical and environmentally responsible solid waste disposal system. Let twenty industry and government experts provide you with the tools to design a solid waste management system capable of disposing of waste in a cost-efficient and environmentally responsible manner. Focusing on the six primary functions of an integrated system--source reduction, toxicity reduction, recycling and reuse, composting, waste- to-energy combustion, and landfilling--they explore each technology and examine its problems, costs, and legal and social ramifications. More info →
رویکردهای پیاده سازی تاسیسات بازیافت مواد زائد جامد

رویکردهای پیاده سازی تاسیسات بازیافت مواد زائد جامد

This book illustrates practical approaches to recycling solutions, and will provide needed guidance to public officials and other interested parties. This book addresses both art and science aspects of recycling. Many communities are faced with difficult choices when it comes to expanding or maintaining current recycling efforts. More info →
Chemical Thermodynamics Chemical Thermodynamics of Solid Solutions of Interest in Radioactive Waste Management

Chemical Thermodynamics Chemical Thermodynamics of Solid Solutions of Interest in Radioactive Waste Management

This volume provides a state-of-the-art report on the modelling of aqueous-solid solution systems by the combined use of chemical thermodynamics and experimental and computational techniques. These systems are ubiquitous in nature and therefore intrinsic to the understanding and quantification of radionuclide containment and retardation processes present in geological repositories of radioactive waste. Representative cases for study have been chosen from the radioactive waste literature to illustrate the application of the various approaches. This report has been prepared by a team of four leading experts in the field under the auspices of the OECD/NEA Thermochemical Database (TDB) Project. Table of Content : Part I. Extended Summary -Introduction: Scope, Objectives and the Audiene of guidelines -Definitions -From Aqueous to Solid Solutions -Basic Thermodynamics of Solid Solutions -Experimental and Analystical Aspects -Testing the Aq-SS Concepts and Methods in Nuclear Waste Management Relevant Systems -Report Conclusions Part II. Theory, Experimental Aspects and Cases for Study -Theoretical Asptcts of Solid Solutions and their Solubility -Experimental and Analytical Aspects -Cases of Specific Interest in Relevant Systems Bibliography More info →
شیمی و زیست شناسی برای مواد زائد جامد

شیمی و زیست شناسی برای مواد زائد جامد

Dredged Material and Mine Tailings are two of the same thing once they are deposited on land: they must be safe-guarded, wash-out must be prevented, and they must be protected by a plantcover. This comprehensive treatise covers both important aspects of their management: In Chemistry and Biology of Solid Waste the principles and assessment are scientifically studied and discussed, while Environmental Management of Solid Waste turns to the practical applications, such as prediction, restoration and management. Previously, dredged material was a commodity, it could be sold as soil, e.g. to gardeners. In the meantime, dredged material from the North Sea (e.g. the Rotterdam or Amsterdam harbor) must be treated as toxic waste. Many environmentalists, managers and companies do not know how to solve the inherent problems. This new work deals with the chemical, physical and biological principles; the biological and geochemical assessment; the prediction of effects and treatment; and finally, with the restoration and revegetation. It is written by many leading scientists in the various fields, and will prove invaluable for scientists, managers and politicians who are concerned with the present environmental situation. More info →
Containment of High-Level Radioactive and Hazardous Solid Wastes with Clay Barriers

Containment of High-Level Radioactive and Hazardous Solid Wastes with Clay Barriers

One of the principal objections to or problems with the use of nuclear fuel is that a proven method for safe disposal of spent nuclear fuel has yet to be established. The central focus of most schemes underway to dispose of these high-level radioactive wastes relies on clay-based buffers and barriers to isolate spent fuel canisters in boreholes deep underground in specially constructed tunnels and caverns. Current thought on the principal methods of containment of high-level radioactive wastes is presented in this book. The authors proceed to discuss the processes and mechanisms involved in the development of long term properties and performance of clay-based buffers and backfills. The procedures and methodologies used to undertake predictions and performance assessments of these materials are also examined. This is an invaluable reference for professionals, researchers, academics and regulators engaged in the development of radioactive waste sites. More info →
پاکسازی فلزات سنگین: فرآیندها، مکانیزم، و برنامه های کاربردی

پاکسازی فلزات سنگین: فرآیندها، مکانیزم، و برنامه های کاربردی

Heavy metals, such as lead, chromium, cadmium, zinc, copper, and nickel, are important constituents of most living organisms, as well as many nonliving substances. Some heavy metals are essential for growth of biological and microbiological lives, yet their presence in excessive quantities is harmful to humans and interferes with many environmental processes. Heavy metals are also nonbiodegradable, making them more difficult to remediate. Decontamination of Heavy Metals: Processes, Mechanisms, and Applications tackles the subject of heavy metals in the environment, with special emphasis on their treatment, removal, recovery, disposal, management, and modeling. Concepts, Cutting-Edge Technologies, and Applications The book provides in-depth coverage of the major hazardous heavy metals that are found in water, land, and facilities and that have significant effects on public health and the environment. After an overview of heavy metal contamination, the text reviews the concepts and technologies of pollution prevention. It then examines technologies for metal decontamination, ranging from precipitation―which is the most commonly used―to cutting-edge technologies such as precipitation-crystallization, ion exchange, membrane filtration, and electrolysis. Mathematical models for metal removal and recovery are also included. Develop a Feasible Total Heavy Metal Control Program Complementing other books in the Advances in Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment series, this volume presents important research related to the remediation of heavy metals. Extensive references are included for readers who want to trace, duplicate, or improve on a specific industrial hazardous waste treatment practice. A comprehensive handbook for environmental professionals, researchers, and students, it provides technical information to help readers develop a feasible total metal control program that can benefit both industry and local municipalities. More info →